Do I Need a Birth Plan?

What is a Birth Plan?

A birth plan is a way of letting your healthcare providers know what you want to happen during your labour and after the birth. It’s a chance to plan things like where you want to give birth, who’s going to be with you during the birth, and what facilities you’d like to use. You don’t have to create a birth plan but, if you would like one, your midwife or doctor will be able to help.

What is a Birth Plan? A birth plan is a written document that outlines your preferences and wishes for labour, delivery, and postpartum care. It serves as a roadmap for you and your birth team, ensuring that everyone is on the same page regarding your expectations and desires during childbirth.

Components of a Birth Plan:

  1. Labour Environment: Specify your preferences for the labour environment, such as whether you desire a quiet and dimly lit room, access to a birthing ball or tub, or the option for music or aromatherapy.
  1. Labour Preferences: Your preferences for labour management, including pain relief options, mobility during labour, and preferences for foetal monitoring.
  2. Delivery Preferences: Preferences for delivery, such as positions for pushing, preferences regarding episiotomy, and your desired level of involvement in decision-making.
  3. Cord Cutting: who you wish to cut the umbilical cord.
  1. Postpartum Care: Your preferences for immediate postpartum care, including skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding preferences.
  2. Contingency Plans: Communicate your preferences regarding medical interventions like foetal monitoring, induction of labour, artificial rupture of membranes, and episiotomy, indicating your willingness to consider them if medically necessary or your desire to avoid them if possible.

Creating Your Birth Plan:

  1. Research and Education: Familiarize yourself with different birthing options, interventions, and postpartum practices to inform your preferences.
  2. Communication with Healthcare Providers: Discuss your preferences with your obstetrician, midwife, or doula to ensure that your birth plan is aligned with your medical needs and the policies of your birthing facility.
  3. Flexibility: Remain open to changes and unexpected developments during labour and delivery, understanding that flexibility may be necessary to ensure the safety and well-being of you and your baby.
  4. Discussing a birth plan with your doctor or midwife gives you the chance to ask questions and find out more about what happens in labour.
baby fashion

Conclusion: A birth plan is a powerful tool for expecting parents to articulate their preferences and make informed decisions regarding childbirth. By creating a comprehensive birth plan that reflects your values, priorities, and desires, you can navigate the journey of labour and delivery with confidence. Outlining your preferences in a birth plan, will help your healthcare providers tailor their approach to meet your individual needs and preferences, resulting in a more personalized and satisfying birthing experience. Once you’ve completed your birth plan, be sure to share it with your doctor or midwife well before your delivery date. 


  1. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). (2016). Your Pregnancy and Childbirth: Month to Month (6th ed.).
  2. Simkin, P., Whalley, J., & Keppler, A. (2016). Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Newborn: The Complete Guide (5th ed.).
  3. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG). (2017). Planning your birth.
  4. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). (2014). Intrapartum care for healthy women and babies.


1. What is a birth plan?

A birth plan is a written document that outlines your preferences and wishes for labour, delivery, and postpartum care. It serves as a communication tool between you and your healthcare team to ensure your desires are respected as much as possible during the birthing process.

2. Why should I create a birth plan?

Creating a birth plan can help you:

  • Clarify your preferences for pain management, labour positions, and medical interventions.
  • Communicate your wishes to your healthcare provider and support team.
  • Reduce anxiety by preparing for various scenarios.
  • Ensure a more personalized and positive birthing experience.

3. What should I include in my birth plan?

A birth plan typically includes:

  • Personal information and emergency contacts.
  • Preferences for labour and delivery, such as pain management techniques and labour positions.
  • Desired interventions or procedures (e.g., episiotomy, use of forceps).
  • Plans for who will be present during labour and delivery.
  • Preferences for newborn care, including immediate skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding.
  • Any cultural, religious, or personal considerations.

4. How detailed should my birth plan be?

Your birth plan should be clear and concise, covering the most important aspects of your preferences without being overly detailed. Aim for one to two pages to ensure it is easily readable and can be quickly referenced by your healthcare team.

5. Can I still have a birth plan if I’m planning a caesarean section?

Yes, a birth plan is still useful if you are planning a caesarean section. You can include preferences for anaesthesia, who you want present during the surgery, and your wishes for postpartum care and newborn bonding.

6. How do I discuss my birth plan with my healthcare provider?

Discuss your birth plan with your healthcare provider during one of your prenatal visits. Review each section together, ask questions, and be open to their input and suggestions. Ensure that your plan aligns with the policies and practices of your birthing facility.

7. What if things don’t go according to my birth plan?

It’s important to remain flexible, as labour and delivery can be unpredictable. View your birth plan as a guide rather than a strict set of instructions. Trust your healthcare team to make decisions in the best interest of you and your baby if unexpected situations arise.

8. Can my birth plan include preferences for postpartum care?

Yes, your birth plan can and should include preferences for postpartum care. This may involve your wishes regarding immediate skin-to-skin contact, delayed cord clamping, breastfeeding support, and newborn procedures such as vitamin K injections or vaccinations.

9. How can my partner or support person use the birth plan?

Your partner or support person can use the birth plan to:

  • Understand your preferences and support you accordingly.
  • Communicate your wishes to healthcare providers if you are unable to do so.
  • Help ensure that your birth plan is followed as closely as possible.

10. Can I change my birth plan during labour?

Yes, you can change your birth plan at any time, including during labour. Communicate any changes to your healthcare provider and support team so they can adjust their care and support to meet your new preferences.


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